Are they different?

  • Machine: a piece of equipment which does a particular type of work and which usually uses electricity or power from an engine. 
  • Instrument: a tool or device used to do a specific scientific task or for measuring speed, altitude, pressure, density, etc. 
  • Gadget: a small machine or device that does something useful. E.g: a corkscrew, a potato peeler, etc.  


Hospital equipment

basin Basin disinfectant Disinfectant
bed pan Bed pan stretcher Stretcher
IV pole IV pole defibrillator Defibrillator
heart monitor Heart monitor hospital bed Hospital bed
beakers Beakers examination table Examination table

What is each thing used for?
  • A basin or small bowl can be plastic or metal, sterilised or not and can be used for holding antiseptics and other solutions or as a container for gauze swabs, cotton balls, etc. They can also be disposable and made of fine plastic or cardboard. 
  • A bed pan is an object used for the toileting of a bedridden patient, usually made of a metal, glass, or plastic receptacle. A bed pan can be used for both urinary and fecal discharge. 
  • An IV pole is a device used to administer liquid substances into the veins of the patients. Also referred to as a drip. 
  • Beakers are deep widemouthed thin-walled vessels usually with a lip for pouring that is used especially in science laboratories. 
  • An examination table can be plastic or metal, sterilised or not and can be used for holding antiseptics and other solutions or as a container for gauze swabs, cotton balls, etc. They can also be disposable and made of fine plastic or cardboard. 
  • Disinfectant is an agent that frees from infection. 
  • A stretcher is a device used to carry casualties or an incapacitated person from one place to another. It is a simple type of litter, and still called by that name in some cases. 
  • A defibrillator is an electronic device that applies an electric shock to restore the rhythm of a fibrillating heart. 
  • A heart monitor is a device that allows to control the patient’s heart rate. 
  • A hospital bed is a bed specially designed for hospitalized patients or others in need of some form of health care. These beds have special features both for the comfort and well-being of the patient and for the convenience of health care workers. Common features include adjustable height for the entire bed, the head, and the feet, adjustable side rails, and electronic buttons to operate both the bed and other nearby electronic devices.

Medical equipment

needle Needle sterile syringe Sterile syringe
syringe Syringe scalpel Scalpel
hammer Hammer thermometer Thermometer
stethoscope Stethoscope sphygmomanometer monitor manual sphygmomanometer monitor electric Sphygmomanometer/blood pressure monitor (manual/electric)
scissors Scissors rubber gloves Rubber gloves
otoscope Otoscope forceps Forceps
tongue depressor Tongue depressor tubing Tubing
oxygen bag Oxigen bag test tube Test tube
What is each thing used for?
  • A needle is a slender hollow instrument for introducing material into or removing material from the body parenterally. 
  • A syringe is an instrument (as for the injection of medicine or the withdrawal of bodily fluids) that consists of a hollow barrel fitted with a plunger and a hollow needle. 
  • A percussion hammer is used for testing reflexes. 
  • A scalpel is a small sharp pointed knife used in surgery.
  • A thermometer is used for measuring body tempeture. This may be taken orally, in the axila or in the rectum.  
  • A stethoscope is used for listening to heart sounds or a “pulse” – the heart beat.
  • Scissors can be used to cut different types of things.
  • An otoscope is an instrument used for examining the ear and for seeing the tympanic membrane. 
  • A tongue depressor is a device used in medical practice to depress the tongue to allow for examination of the mouth and throat.
  • An oxygen bag is a device used for providing oxygen to the patients who need it.
  • A sphygmomanometer or blood pressure monitor is an instrument used for taking blood pressure. It can be manual or electrical.
  • Sterile rubber gloves are used for doing any sterile procedure and by all the staff in the operating theatres. 
  • Forceps are generally used for picking up something or holding things when using a “no-touch” sterile technique. 
  • A Test Tube is a plain or lipped tube usually of thin glass closed at one end and used especially in chemistry and biology.

Patient equipment

wheelchair Wheelchair cane Cane
walker Walker crutches Crutches
sling Sling brace Brace
What is each thing used for?
  • A wheelchair is a chair mounted on wheels especially for the use of disabled individuals.
  • A walker is a framework designed to support an infirm or physically disabled person.
  • A brace is an appliance that gives support to movable parts (as a joint or a fractured bone), to weak muscles (as in paralysis), or to strained ligaments (as of the lower back).
  • A sling is a hanging bandage suspended from the neck to support an arm or hand.
  • A crutch is a support typically fitting under the armpit for use as an aid in walking.
  • A cane is a stick used in walking. 
Last modified: Tuesday, 13 June 2017, 9:19 AM